BSEB Class 12 English Book Chapter 8 How Free is the Press Question Answer

नमस्कार छात्रों, आज की पोस्ट में हम BSEB Class 12 English Book Chapter 8 How Free is the Press Solutions Rainbow part 2 Question Answer देखने जा रहे हैं, इस अध्याय से संबंधित सभी प्रश्न, उनके उत्तर इस लेख में मिलेंगे ताकि आप आगामी परीक्षा के लिए बेहतर तैयारी कर सकें। बिहार बोर्ड कक्षा 12वीं वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न उत्तर उपलब्ध होंगे

जिससे आप अपनी तैयारी अच्छे तरीके से कर पाएंगे, नीचे दिए गए सभी प्रश्न उत्तर आपके Rainbow part 2 सिलेबस पर आधारित हैं, इसके अलावा यदि आप बिहार बोर्ड कक्षा 12वीं अंग्रेजी, हिंदी, विज्ञान जैसी कोई भी जानकारी चाहते हैं। आप हमें किसी भी विषय पर टिप्पणी कर सकते हैं, हम उसे नोट्स पीएफ के माध्यम से आपके लिए अवश्य साझा करेंगे।

BSEB Class 12 English Book Chapter 8 How Free is the Press

Bihar Board Class 12 English Book Objective Type Questions and Answers

  1. Press under ordinary condition is free,…………..
    (a) No-where
    (b) Everywhere
    (c) in some places
    (d) Britain
    Answer: (d) Britain
  1. The editorial policy of a popular daily is controlled by
    (a) pubic opinion
    (b) interest of advertisers
    (c) the interest of the government
    (d) the interest of the leaders
    Answer: (b) interest of advertisers
  1. A big circulation does not spell bankruptcy if the paper has to depend on its revenue…………
    (a) on its sales
    (b) on its editorial
    (c) on its advertisements
    (d) on the government
    Answer: (c) on its advertisements
  1. The proprietor of the newspaper has………….
    (a) the interest of the people
    (b) national interest
    (c) social interest
    (d) personal interest
    Answer: (d) personal interest

Bihar Board Class 12 English Book Very Short Type Questions & Their Answer

Question 1. What does “the freedom of the press” means?
Answer: Freedom of the press means freedom in a very restricted and technical sense-such as freedom from direction or censorship by the government.

Question 2. What role British Press plays under ordinary conditions?
Answer: Under normal circumstances the British press is free to attack the policy and political character of ministers, to interfere and to speak out against scandals and other anti-democratic measures.

Question 3. What effect brings freedom to the nation?
secures and maintains the “central principle of democracy” – that the state is not master but servant of the people

Question 4. What are the sources of a newspaper’s revenue?
The sources of revenue of a newspaper are (i) Advertisements (ii) The property of the person or company that owns the newspaper.

Question 5. What is the role of decent journalists?
The role of civilized journalists is to maintain a high standard of “duty, balance and dignity”.

Question 6. What does Dorothy L. S Ayers discuss in her essay?
Dorothy L. Sayer discusses freedom of the press.

Bihar Board Class 12 English Book Textual Questions and Their Answer

B. 1.1. Read the following sentences and write T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statements

(i) Press is free everywhere.
(ii) There is no internal censorship on the press.
(iii) Proprietors have their personal interests as well.
(iv) Advertisers contribute to the revenue of the newspapers.
Answer: (i) F, (ii) F, (iii) T, (iv) T.

B. 1.2. Answer the following questions briefly

Question 1.What do free ‘people’ take for granted?
Answer: Free people recognize that there can be no freedom without a free press.

Question 2. Are there restrictions on Press in time of war?
Yes, there are restrictions on the press during war. In fact, during war all freedoms are restricted.

Question 3. What do you mean by the term ‘free press’?
What we mean by free press is that the press is free from government direction and censorship.

Question 4. Who is the master the state or the people?
The public is the master. The state is the servant of the people.

Question 5. What does the unofficial censorship seek to do?
The purpose of informal censorship is not so much to express public opinion as to form it.

Question 6. Name two sources of revenue newspapers usually survive on.
The two main sources of revenue of a newspaper are (i) Advertisers.
(ii) The property of the company or individual which owns the newspaper.

B.2.1. Complete the following sentences on the basis of the unit you have just studied.

(a) Accurate reporting has given place to reporting which is at best slipshod and at worst
tendentious because it is assumed that
(b) Sensational headlines, false emphasis and supposition of context are some of the ways to
(c) is the special accomplishment of the Press interviewer.
(d) The date in the newspaper report had to be changed to

(a) public has not the wit to distinguish between truth and falsehood, secondly public does not
care if a statement is false provided it is titillating. Both mean that public can be made to believe
(b) distort both fact and opinion,
(c) Garbling,
(d) conceal the fact that the news was already ‘cold’.

B.2.3. Answer the following questions briefly

Question 1. What are the two basic assumptions about the public?
There are two basic assumptions about the public: (a) that they do not have the intelligence to distinguish truth from falsehood and (b) that they do not care at all whether a statement is false, provided it is provocative .

Question 2. What is suppression of context?
Suppression of context is simply picking apart from the whole so that the meanings are distorted and have a different effect than what was actually intended.

Question 3. Name two things that make the reports unreliable reading.
The fickle habit of the interviewee making the statement himself and attributing it to the interviewee makes the report unreliable to read.

B.3.1. Read the following sentences and write ‘T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statement

(i) The author was very fond of gardening and keeping cats.
(ii) The author had delivered 20,000 words in the space of an hour and a quarter.
(iii) To misrepresent a man’s attitude and opinion is no offence.
(iv) To get misleading statements corrected is very easy.
(v) Any public person is subtly made to feel that if he offends the press he will suffer for it.
(vi) The press can make or break reputation.
Answer: (i) F, (ii) F, (iii) T, (iv) F, (v) T, (vi) T.

B. 3.2. Answer the following questions briefly

Question 1. Why do books rarely criticise the Press?
A book rarely dares to be criticized by the press because the press may either ignore the book altogether, or publish derisive comments about it in its gossip columns.

Question 2. How do the newspapers greet the slightest efforts to hinder the irresponsible dissemination of nonsense?
The slightest effort to interrupt the irresponsible spread of nonsense is greeted with a concerted scream: it is a threat to the freedom of the press.’

Question 3. Name the seven charges the author makes against die Press.
The seven allegations made by the author on the press are (i) wrong emphasis, (ii) nonsense, (iii) inaccuracy, (iv) distortion of facts, (v) Random Invention, (vi) Miraculous Invention, (vii) Flat Repression

C. l. Bihar Board Class 12 English Book Long Answer Questions

Question 1. The editorial policy of a popular daily is controlled by two chief factors. Which are they? Explain.

The editorial policy of a popular daily is governed by two factors, namely, the vested interests of its advertisers and the personal whims and ambitions of the person or company that owns it. All newspapers derive their revenue from their advertisers. To justify their advertising rates they have to circulate on a large scale. If they do so, they will have to sell their copies at a lower rate. No one can meet his expenses by selling copies of popular dailies. The bulk of their revenue comes from advertisements, so the daily has to advertise either Advertisers’ interest, or lose their revenue and go bankrupt.

Therefore no newspaper can support any policy, even if it is good in the national interest, if it goes against the vested interest of its advertisers. Secondly, editorial policy is set by a wealthy individual or company that owns the newspaper. It is dictated by the interests and ambitions of the man or company who did it. Adequate means to proceed without any support from advertisers.

Question 2. What is garbling? How does Sayers illustrate this form of distortion?
According to Miss Sayers, it is a special achievement for a press interviewer to be able to distort what an interviewee says. He has a playful habit of making statements himself and attributing them to interviews. Miss Sayers illustrates this from an accident that happened to her. During the production of his latest play, he was asked by press interviewers about his future plans. He replied that he never planned to. Although novels paid better than plays, he still preferred writing plays.

She further said that if she got another commission for the Canterbury Festival, she would definitely write it. His reply was duly published in the press. But it was distorted. It said, ‘Miss Sayers said she would write no more Makes plays, except for commission. This kind of playful distortion is done by press interviewers
Reported interviews are unreliable. One should not believe that public figures have said everything that appears in the press.

Question 3. Describe in your own words the instances of deliberate miracle* mongering.
Miss Sayers has given an interesting example of the deliberate propagation of miracles by the press. He was given the credit for the miracle. Miss Sayers made a public search. It contained 8000 words. The full text of his speech was in the reporter’s hands. But it was told that he spoke about 20,000 words in a span of one and a quarter hour. it was impossible. It would be a miracle if a person could speak 20,000 words in such a short time. But the press keeps spreading such miracles.

Question 4. How are letters of protest treated by the newspapers? Describe in your own words.
Answer: If a speaker’s words are misquoted in a newspaper, he can write a letter of protest. But the perception that has been created is almost impossible to correct. In many cases protest letters are ignored. Sometimes they print the entire letter with the editor’s comments. No apologies are made. Comments simply claim that the actual words were printed.

But the speaker should not expect to monopolize the entire valuable space of the paper. Editors also adopt other strategies. He writes a personal letter in reply expressing regret over the mistake. But such a letter does not remove the misconception created by the readers. Hardly any newspaper publishes an apology. Miss Sayers remembers the old days when editors had the high moral courage to print apologies. But this is no longer the trend.

Question 5. Have you ever written a letter of protest to any newspaper? What was the fate of this letter?
No, I never wrote a protest letter to any newspaper. Flat suppression letters may be written to the person protesting, may be (a) England, (b) printed in whole or in part, with a letter to the effect that the words reported were actually said. were, and that the speaker should not expect a monopoly, it is the valuable position of the newspaper (c) answered privately by editorial maneuver which has never been achieved in the public mind.

-Nothing has been done to correct this misconception and generally it remains a provincial newspaper, if anyone received a full apology and correction, I would give an honorary reason, an editor at the Lauder School told me That it is not written.

Question 6. ‘He that is unfaithful in little is unfaithful also in much.’ How does Dorothy L. Sayers cite trivial personal examples to prove that the newspapers misrepresent in various ways? Do you agree with her?
By giving some examples, Miss Sayers proves that newspapers misrepresent even small incidents. I do not say that Miss Sayers is wrong in her decision. But his views represent only one side of the coin. Undoubtedly, the press is a powerful organ. In our young democracy we have begun to realize the power of the press.

The press brings to light many evils and cases of corruption, abuse of power, mistakes etc. in high positions. If there was no press, people would never have known about him. Despite some shortcomings, the press is the sentinel of democracy. Undoubtedly, the press needs to develop a high code of conduct for itself. Since it claims to be a servant of the people, it must be a good servant.

Question 7. What is the author’s attitude to the freedom of Press? Do you agree with her?
The author believes that the press is very powerful and exercises its freedom without any fear. Ministers are also afraid of the press because the press can create or print reputations. The press is careless in most and even minor matters. It misquotes facts that appear to be true. The press can color reports to shape public opinion as it wishes. In the author’s opinion there is no way to control the irresponsible behavior of the press. Any attempt to correct the press is greeted with the statement:

“Freedom of the press is in danger.” Every newspaper has its own editorial policy. This policy is determined by some vested interests, which cannot serve the public interest. The press lets people know only what it wants them to know. It is believed that with this people can fulfill their wishes. The press has many ways in which it can distort and suppress facts. It presents the facts in such a way that it has an impact on the public as per the intention of the press. People have no way to reach the truth.

Their only source of information is the press. Even if some readers feel that reports in the press are inaccurate, or misrepresented, there is no way to correct them. In fact, the press can make or break reputations and shape and form public opinion.

Question 8. ‘Indeed, we may say that die heaviest restriction upon the freedom of public opinion is not the official censorship of the Press, but the unofficial censorship by a Press which exists not so much to express opinion as to manufacture it.’ How does the writer view the relationship between the press and the public opinion? Explain.

Answer: The author believes that in a free country, and especially in times of peace, the press is the freest and most powerful organ for influencing public opinion. The press is expected to reflect public opinion and force governments to make or change their policies accordingly. But the author believes that the press does not reflect public opinion as much as it creates it.

Once she was away her house was ransacked. The thief was upset with the newsboy. But the newspaper reported this incident after a few days. To avoid making the report look cold, they changed the date of the incident. She also said that the thief escaped because she had returned home on time. In fact, all details about the incident were wrong. She also tells about another incident. He received a summons from the court for shadow-free lighting. He told that his servant had drawn the curtains carefully but unfortunately there was something wrong with the curtains.

He did not see any fault in his servant. But newspapers reported that he had told the court that his servant had forgotten to draw the curtain. Naturally, this must have caused distress to his servant. She mentions these small incidents only to emphasize her point that if the press can misrepresent such small incidents then it cannot be expected to report honestly on important matters. ,

C. 3. Composition

Write a letter to the Editor of an English daily highlighting the poor sanitation in your locality.

305, Sector 21 ’ J. P. Colony,
Gopalganj 27th June 20
The Editor
Bihar Times
Subject: Poor Sanitation
Through your respected newspaper column, I would like to draw the attention of the civic authorities towards the poor sanitation in our area. The biggest danger is from stray cows. Actually, the cows belong to the milkmen living across the road. Every morning they take the cows to our sector. They keep roaming in large numbers in the entire sector. Since people are religious minded, they give chapatti, vegetables etc. to the cows. In return, the cows spread dung on the streets.

They are seen dependent on the streets. Apart from being unhygienic, they also create traffic hazards. The problem is years old. But it seems that the municipal authorities have no will to deal with it. Secondly, the roads are full of potholes. Only after two light rains the roads become filled with potholes. The drainage system is clogged and no action has been taken to clean it. The rainy season has already started. This poor hygiene will definitely lead to epidemics if immediate measures are not taken.

Yours faithfully,

BSEB Class 12 English Book Chapter 8 How Free is the Press Summary

Write a summary of the lesson is about 150 words.

There is no doubt that freedom of the press is necessary to protect the freedom of the people. The press must be free from any control or censorship by the government. But no newspaper can be completely free. Since newspapers depend on advertisers for their revenue, they cannot support any policy that goes against their vested interests. But there is informal censorship that the press itself imposes on public opinion. It does not so much reflect public opinion as it creates it.

False emphasis, pretense, inaccuracy, reversal of facts, random invention, miracle-hype and flat-out repression are among the many ways with which the press distorts facts to impart a different or false impression on readers. The press has the power to make or break companies and public figures. This is a tyranny of the press and there is no machinery to stop it. The slightest attempt to correct its irresponsible reporting is greeted with a resounding slogan: This is a threat to press freedom.


D. 1. Dictionary Use

Ex. 1. Correct the spelling of the following words:

Wrong WordsCorrect Words

Ex. 2. Lookup a dictionary and write two meanings of the following words—the one in which it is used in the lesson and the other which is more common.

Denounced(I) Condemned Vehemently
(ii) Accused
Resolute(i) Determined
(II) Steadfast
Precarious(i) Dangerous
(ii) Liable to failure
Gratuitous(i) Intentional
(ii) Unjustified
Dissemination(i) Spreading
(ii) Distribution
Cyical(i) Sceptical
(ii) Sarcastic
Withheld(i) Keep back
(ii) Restrain

D. 2. Word-formation

Make as many words as possible from the words given below
resolve — resolved, resolvable, resolvability, resolving
allude — alluded, alluding, allusion, allusive
invoke — invoked, invoking, invocation, invocable
restrict — restricted, restricting, restriction, restrictable, restrictive
renew — renewed, renewal, renewing, renewable.

D. 3. Word-meaning

Ex. 1. Find from the lesson words the meanings of which have been given in Column-A. The last part of each word is given in Column-B


Column “A” Column “B”
The policy of suppressing publication of any item.Censorship
Causing Great LossDisastrous
The state of being without moneyBankruptcy
Cause the downfallSubvert
Pleasantly Stimulating Titillating
Stir to actionIncite
The Proprietor of anythingOwner

Ex. 2. Fill in the blanks with suitable options given in the brackets

(a) We all become very………………… by the news reporting. (excited, exciting)
(b) I do not…………… the incident (recollect, recollects)
(c) You may………………. between the two English dailies. (chose, choose)
(d) Unfavorable season crop………. (effect, affects)
(e) The press should not be…………. (monopolized, monopolize)
The report was ………… (distorting, distorted)
Answer: (a) excited, (b) recollect, (c) choose, (d) affects, (e) monopolised, (f) distorted

D. 4. Phrases

Ex. 1. Read the lesson carefully and find out the sentences in which the following phrases have been used. Then use these phrases in sentences of your own. at such time, so far on occasion, placed upon, keep up, driven off, to bear upon creeping into, make of.

Answer: At such a time: At a time when the cavalry is on the rise, we must join forces with all revolutionary forces. Till now: As far as India is concerned, its position on Kashmir is very clear. On this occasion: He is very intelligent. But from time to time he behaves extremely foolishly. Responsibilities written on her: After the death of her husband, a heavy responsibility was placed on her young Kriti.

Keep going, get to the highest point possible. Keep working hard, further said: After meeting uncle, all my fears went away. Brain. Note: The huge impact of rising global temperatures on our climate. Infiltrators: The Western sect is infiltrating our society, I don’t know what they will make of your gang.

E. Grammar

Write ten more sentences on this sentence, based on this structure:
If+(S + were) + S + would/should + V1


  1. If she were rich, she would buy a big car.
  2. If I were the editor, I would apologize.
  3. If you were strong, you would overpower him.
  4. If they were honest, they would return the money.
  5. If I were you, I should help them.
  6. If he were wise, he would solve this problem.
  7. If you were cautious, you would not risk it.
  8. If she were beautiful, she would marry a prince.
  9. If you were present, you would know better.
  10. If they were mad, they would not behave like this.

Rainbow Part 2 English Book Class 12 Notes Solutions Prose Section

S. NO.BSEB Class 12th English Subjective( Rainbow-2) Prose SectionWriter (Author)
1.Chapter 1 Indian Civilization and CultureMahatma Gandhi
2.Chapter 2 Bharat is My HomeDr jakir hussain
3.Chapter 3 A Pinch of SnuffManohar Malgaonkar
4.Chapter 4 I Have a DreamMartin luther king
5.Chapter 5 Ideas that have Helped MankindBertrand Russell
6.Chapter 6 The Artistshiga Naoya
7.Chapter 7 A Child BornGermaine Greer
8.Chapter 8 How Free is the PressDorothy L Sayers
9.Chapter 9 The EarthH.E. Bates
10.Chapter 10 India Through a Traveller’s EyesPearl S. Buck
11.Chapter 11 A Marriage ProposalAnton Chekhov

मेरा मुख्य उद्देश्य आपको बिहार बोर्ड से संबंधित सभी पुस्तकों के साथ-साथ अन्य बोर्ड के समाधान प्रश्न उत्तर सारांश और वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न और उनके उत्तर आसानी से उपलब्ध कराना है जैसा कि हमने इस पोस्ट में BSEB Class 12 English Book Chapter 8 How Free is the Press (Rainbow part 2) के संभावित प्रश्न और उत्तर और उनका सारांश भी शामिल किया गया है।

मुझे उम्मीद है कि आपको यह पोस्ट पसंद आई होगी और यह आपके लिए काफी मददगार साबित होगी। इसके अलावा अगर आप और भी विषय संबंधी समाधान चाहते हैं तो आप हमें कमेंट कर सकते हैं और इसे अपने दोस्तों के साथ शेयर भी कर सकते हैं।

About the author

My name is Najir Hussain, I am from West Champaran, a state of India and a district of Bihar, I am a digital marketer and coaching teacher. I have also done B.Com. I have been working in the field of digital marketing and Teaching since 2022

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